AEOI requires reporting Swiss financial institutions to identify reportable accounts and report them to the Federal Tax Administration (FTA). Reportable accounts are accounts held by natural persons as well as accounts held by entities. If an account is held in a fiduciary capacity by a natural person or an entity that is not a financial institution on behalf of or for the account of a third party, that third party or the beneficial owner is deemed to be the account holder for the purposes of AEOI. In the case of accounts held by entities, the requirement to identify and report may concern under certain circumstances also the controlling person(s). For more detailed information on the terms “account holder” or “controlling person” please consult the OECD Common Reporting Standard and the implementing legal provisions. Only accounts where the holder or controlling person is a reportable person are reportable accounts. A reportable person is a natural person or an entity resident for tax purposes in a country with which Switzerland has agreed AEOI (partner state(s)). Reporting Swiss financial institutions are required to report information on reportable accounts held by reportable persons annually to the FTA. This report does not need the explicit waiver from the reportable person. After receiving this information, the FTA exchanges it with the reportable person’s country of residence.
The reportable information includes personal data and information concerning the reportable account. Personal data include the name, address, country of residence for tax purposes, tax identification number and date of birth of the account holder or of the beneficial owner or the controlling person. In addition, the account number, the total gross amount of dividends, interest and other income, the total gross proceeds from the sale or redemption of financial assets, and the aggregate balance or value of the account at the end of each calendar year are reported. Moreover, the name and identification number of Banca Credinvest SA are also reported.
Generally, the information exchanged may only be made available to tax authorities of a partner jurisdiction in which the reportable person is resident and may only be used for tax purposes. In principle, it is prohibited for the receiving partner jurisdiction to forward the received information to another jurisdiction, and it must treat the information as confidential. Generally, the receiving partner jurisdiction may only make the information exchanged available to persons and authorities responsible for handling or supervising taxation in that country.